By Francis Ogwo
In 2020, business owned by Nigerians and businesses operating in Nigeria recorded over 106 corporate deals valued at over $4.3 billion (N1.63 trillion).
This was contained in a data compiled by Nairalytics between January and December 2020 all at different stages of completion.
According to the report, Nigeria’s investment climate was precarious in 2020 as the global economy spluttered due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
Nigeria’s GDP contracted by 3.62% (year-on-year) in real terms in the third quarter of 2020 after enduring a 6.1% contraction in the previous quarter, a development that was also attributed to the sustained shocks emanated from the continued spread of the virus as well as weak global oil prices.
Thus, foreign investor sentiments towards investing in Nigeria remained dampened due to the economic downturn stifling foreign portfolio inflows into the country.
Data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed that capital inflow into Nigeria was estimated at $8.61 billion between January and September 2020, compared to $20.19 billion recorded in the corresponding period, falling by 57% year on year.
In addition, data obtained from the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) reveals that about N226.13 billion was recorded from Foreign Portfolio Investors between January and November 2020 as domestic investors drove market turnover for the most part of the year.
Despite the economic downturn, the economy witnessed several corporate deals consummated or under different stages of completion for the period ended December 2020.
Corporates ranging from Startups to more matured businesses announced the closure or intent to secure funding through debt or equity-related deals amidst covid-19 and the lockdown. From Silicon Valley to South Africa, the deals flowed in from all over the world boosting the capital structure of most Nigerian firms.
A total of 106 deals were captured in 2020 valued at $4.3 billion or N1.6 trillion occurred during the year with transactions ranging from raising equity, debt issuances, outright acquisitions, and divestments.
While the tech community dominated most of the equity-related deals, more established companies focussed on public offerings and debt securities such as commercial papers to raise money.
It is no surprise that the largest deal captured in 2020 was the International Breweries rights issue valued at about N165 billion or $457 million.
Dangote Cement was next to a bond issuance of about N150 billion, one of the largest private-sector debt-related deals for the year. BUA Cement followed suit with its own debt issuance of about N100 billion.
In terms of commercial papers, MTN raised N100 billion, the largest commercial paper issuance raised during the year.
In the tech community, the $200 million acquisition of Paystack by Stripe was by far the largest deal directly affecting a Nigerian based tech-related company.
Bolt, the cab-hailing tech firm operating across Nigeria and some African countries also got a significant funding boost raising about $100 million.
Note that while the Nigerian economy suffered one of the biggest drops in portfolio investments in 2020, there was a flurry of mega deals that boosted the capital structure of most firms operating in the country.
The funds will flow into marketing budgets, capital expenditures, hiring of talents and executives, software acquisitions, etc.